Medical/Surgical UTI/DKA

Patient has been admitted to the Medical/Surgical unit from the ED with diagnosis of UTI and DKA. The participant will be given a brief report from the nursing staff in the ED and the ED paperwork/EHR. The participant should administer ordered IV antibiotics (initially Bactrim ordered but participant needs to catch that this is an allergy (sulfa), contact the MD, and obtain a new order for Ceftriaxone IV). Participant should also have an order for a urine culture, which they should obtain and send to the lab prior to initiating the IV antibiotics. Participant should be administering and monitoring a regular insulin drip and IVFs to manage the DKA while monitoring frequent lab values (ABGs, CMP, UA, etc.), which are reported to the MD and orders change as patient improves (labs should initially show dehydration, hyperglycemia, metabolic acidosis, urine with +leukocytes/ nitrites/ protein/ ketones) that improve at case resolution. The participant should do complete history and physical assessment of the patient and frequent monitoring of patient/labs/IV site/vital signs until DKA improves. Once stable, extensive patient education on smoking cessation, compliance with office visits and medications, nutrition, exercise/weight control, medication side effects/use, etc. should be given to the patient and family member by the participant, as well as, referral to social worker/case management for financial resources. The participant should be able to interpret that the UTI was the main factor in the development of hyperglycemia and, thus, the DKA.


Learning Objectives

Apply the nursing process and critical thinking skills to deliver evidenced-based, patient-centered care of patients with problems associated with metabolic-endocrine systems (DKA)

– Utilize technology to enhance productivity

– Interpret the scientific rationale or pathophysiology of disease processes to support nursing interventions desirable for the medical/surgical client

– Communicate clearly and effectively, both verbally and in writing, with the client and other inter-professional members of the healthcare team

– Recognize professional, ethical, and legal standards to the care of medical/surgical patients in a diverse population

– Demonstrate quality improvement measures to improve productivity and care of patients with medical/surgical conditions

– Implement principles of nutrition in health promotion, wellness, and in clients with medical/surgical health concerns

Interested in this scenario?

Sign up to talk with a member of the SimX team today!


OS: Windows 10
Processor: Intel Core i5-2300 | AMD FX-4350
Memory: 4 GB RAM
Graphics: Nvidia GeForce GTX 2060
DirectX: Version 11
Storage: 12 GB available space


OS: Windows 10
Processor: Intel Core i7-2300 | AMD FX-4350
Memory: 8 GB RAM
Graphics: Nvidia GeForce GTX 3060
DirectX: Version 11
Storage: 12 GB available space